This Day in History - April 1
Today is the 92nd day of 2010. There are 274 days left in the year.
1963: Most of New York City's daily newspapers resumed publishing after settlement was reached in a 114-day strike.
1853: Cincinnati, Ohio, established a fire department made up of paid city employees.
1918: The Royal Air Force was established in Britain.
1933: Nazi Germany began persecuting Jews with a boycott of Jewish-owned businesses.
1939: The United States recognised the government of General Francisco Franco in Spain, the same day Franco went on radio
to declare victory in the Spanish Civil War.
1945: American forces launched the amphibious invasion of Okinawa during World War II.
1946: Tidal waves struck the Hawaiian islands, resulting in more than 170 deaths.
1958: President Dwight D Eisenhower signed a $1.85-billion emergency housing measure.
1960: The first true weather satellite, TIROS-1, was launched from Cape Canaveral. (TIROS -- Television Infrared Observation Satellite)
1961: The sedative thalidomide was made available by prescription in Canada. (The drug, which was taken by pregnant women to relieve morning sickness, was found to cause devastating
1970: President Richard M Nixon signed a measure banning cigarette advertising on radio and television, to take effect January 1, 1971.
1984: Recording star Marvin Gaye was shot to death by his father, Marvin Gay (cq) Sr in Los Angeles, the day before his 45th birthday. (The elder Gay pleaded guilty to voluntary manslaughter, and received probation.)
1991: Cable TV's Comedy Central was created through a merger of HBO's The Comedy Channel and Viacom's Ha!
2000: President Bill Clinton, speaking at a fund-raiser for his wife's Senate campaign, accused New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani of enlisting a "right-wing venom machine" against Hillary Rodham Clinton. Michelle Kwan won her third World Figure Skating title.
2001: US Navy surveillance plane collided with a Chinese fighter over the South China Sea, then made an emergency landing on China's Hainan Island. (The Chinese pilot was killed; the 24 US crew members were unhurt, but were held prisoner by China for a tense 11 days.) Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic
was arrested on corruption charges after a 26-hour armed standoff with police at his Belgrade villa. Notre Dame won its first national championship in women's basketball, defeating Purdue 66-64.
2005: The Vatican reported that Pope John Paul II was near death, his breathing shallow and his heart and kidneys failing. President Bill Clinton's former national security adviser, Sandy Berger, pleaded guilty to sneaking classified documents out of the National Archives; he was later sentenced to two years' probation.
2006: Former hostage Jill Carroll arrived in Germany, where the freelance American journalist strongly disavowed statements she had made during her captivity in Iraq and shortly after her release, saying she'd been repeatedly threatened. Two American pilots were killed when their Apache helicopter was shot down near Baghdad.
2009: President Barack Obama, in London for an economic crisis summit, sought to rally the world's top and emerging powers to help cope with a global downturn; chanting protesters clashed with riot police in the British capital. Benjamin Netanyahu took office as Israel's prime minister.
2010: Roman Catholic cardinals across Europe used their Holy Thursday sermons to defend Pope Benedict XVI from accusations he'd played a role in covering up sex abuse scandals. Dayton denied the previous year's national champs another title as the Flyers beat North Carolina 79-68 to win the NIT. Actor John Forsythe, 92, died in Santa Ynez, Calif.
Reggae singer Jimmy Cliff (1948- ); Jazz musician Gil Scott-Heron (1949-2011); Actress Annette O'Toole (1952- ); Singer Susan Boyle from Britain's Got Talent (1961- ); Country singer Woody Lee (1968- ); Rapper-actor Method Man (1971- ); Actor Josh Zuckerman (1985- ).