Career & Education

Back-to-school vocabulary

Sunday, September 03, 2017

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You'll no doubt have new, or at least reconditioned, supplies this new school year — uniforms, shoes, socks, backpacks, stationery.

Complete your new look by refreshing your vocabulary, too. Here are a few words to get you started.

 

 

ADVERSARY

[ad-ver-ser-ee]

1. a person, group, or force that opposes or attacks; opponent; enemy; foe.

2. a person, group, etc, that is an opponent in a contest; contestant.

 

APLOMB

[uh-plom, uh-pluhm]

1. imperturbable self-possession, poise, or assurance.

2. the perpendicular, or vertical, position.

 

CONCOCTION

[kon-kok-shuh n, kuh n-]

1. the act or process of concocting.

2. something concocted:

a delicious concoction of beans, rice, and meat.

 

DEBRIS

or débris

[duh-bree, dey-bree or, esp. British, deb-ree]

1. the remains of anything broken down or destroyed; ruins; rubble:

the debris of buildings after an air raid.

2. Geology. an accumulation of loose fragments of rock.

 

DEFT

[deft]

1. dexterous; nimble; skilful; clever:

deft hands; a deft mechanic.

 

EGREGIOUS

[ih-gree-juh s, -jee-uh s]

1. extraordinary in some bad way; glaring; flagrant:

an egregious mistake; an egregious liar.

2. Archaic. distinguished or eminent.

 

FURTIVE

[fur-tiv]

1. taken, done, used, etc, surreptitiously or by stealth; secret:

a furtive glance.

2. sly; shifty:

a furtive manner.

 

INDECOROUS

[in-dek-er-uh s, in-di-kawr-uh s, -kohr-]

1. not decorous; violating generally accepted standards of good taste or propriety; unseemly.

 

INDICT

[in-dahyt]

1. (of a grand jury) to bring a formal accusation against, as a means of bringing to trial:

The grand jury indicted him for murder.

2. to charge with an offense or crime; accuse of wrongdoing; castigate; criticise:

He tends to indict everyone of plotting against him.

 

 

INTERDICT

[noun in-ter-dikt; verb in-ter-dikt]

noun

1.Civil Law. Any prohibitory act or decree of a court or an administrative officer.

2. Roman Catholic Church. a punishment by which the faithful, remaining in communion with the church, are forbidden certain sacraments and prohibited from participation in certain sacred acts.

3. Roman Law. A general or special order of the Roman praetor forbidding or commanding an act, especially in cases involving disputed possession.

verb (used with object)

4. to forbid; prohibit.

5. Ecclesiastical. to cut off authoritatively from certain ecclesiastical functions and privileges.

6. to impede by steady bombardment:

Constant air attacks interdicted the enemy's advance.

 

KNOLL

[nohl]

noun

a small, rounded hill or eminence; hillock.

 

 

NONPLUS

[non-pluhs, non-pluhs]

verb (used with object)

1.to render utterly perplexed; puzzle completely.

 

noun

2.a state of utter perplexity.

 

 

TERSE

[turs]

adjective

1. neatly or effectively concise; brief and pithy, as language.

2.abruptly concise; curt; brusque.

 

TRUANT

[troo-uh nt]

noun

1.a student who stays away from school without permission.

2. a person who shirks or neglects his or her duty.

 

adjective

3. absent from school without permission.

4. neglectful of duty or responsibility; idle.

5. of, relating to, or characteristic of a truant.

 

verb (used without object)

6. to be truant.

 

 

SEPTENARY

[sep-tuh-ner-ee]

adjective

1. of or relating to the number seven or forming a group of seven.

2. septennial.

 

— dictionary.com

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